Bocce is a ball sport belonging to the boules family, closely related to British bowls and French pétanque, with a common ancestry from ancient games played in the Roman Empire. Developed into its present form in Italy it is played around Europe and also in overseas areas that have received Italian migrants, including Australia, North America, and South America. Bocce was initially played among the Italian migrants but has slowly become more popular with their descendants and the wider community. The sport is also very popular on the eastern side of the Adriatic, especially in Croatia, Montenegro and Bosnia and Herzegovina, where the sport is known in Serbo-Croatian as “boćanje”.
A game can be conducted between two players, or two teams of two, three, or four. A match is started by a randomly chosen side being given the opportunity to throw a smaller ball, the jack, from one end of the court into a zone 5 metres in length, ending 2,5 metres from the far end of the court. If the first team misses twice, the other team is awarded the opportunity to place the jack anywhere they choose within the prescribed zone.
The side that first attempted to place the jack is given the opportunity to bowl first. Once the first bowl has taken place, the other side has the opportunity to bowl. From then on, the side which does not have the ball closest to the jack has a chance to bowl, up until one side or the other has used their four balls. At that point, the other side bowls its remaining balls. The team with the closest ball to the jack is the only team that can score points in any frame. The scoring team receives one point for each of their balls that is closer to the jack than the closest ball of the other team. The length of a game varies by region but is typically from 7 to 13 points.
And just how serious bocce players are in Boka bay, confirms the fact that for more than 60 years, they are organizing Olympic games in Tivat. Best bocce teams from around the Boka bay gather at Tivat, to showcase their skills, and win this prestigious tournament. The tournament is held at Djurdjevo Brdo, Mazina on July 29th at 9 p.m. The organizers are bocce club Brdjanin, which is founded more then 90 years ago!
On August 10th 1952. first bocce Olympic games were held at Tivat, and the person behind this idea was Krsto Boskovic, while Anto Sindik and Djuro Krstovic rised the Olympic flag.